The Middle Reaches of the Yangtze
The Middle Reaches: Here the river flows through narrow gorges formed by steep-sided peaks constraining the current. These awesome defiles first excited a poetic response in the writings of Imperial officials traveling on the Yangtze. Their romantic poetry, filled with the scenic wonders of the region, formed an essential part of Chinese literary culture. The middle course of the Yangtze stretches for about 630 miles between the cities of Yi-pin, Luzhou in Sichuan province and Chongqing, a municipality as well as Yichang in Hubei province. Please Click here to see works painted by our artists we assembled.

 


Chongqing Municipality
 
 
 
Chongqing is the largest city in southwest China. The leading river port and industrial center in southwestern China, the city is located at the confluence of the Yangtze and Chia-ling rivers. The city was named Chongqing (¡°Double-Blessed¡±) in 1188 under the Nan (Southern) Sung dynasty (AD 1127¨C1279) because of its commanding position between the cities of Shun-c'ing (modern Nan-chung) to the north and Shao-ching (modern Peng-shui) to the south. The city proper includes the Old City and adjacent areas, while the much larger Chongqing Municipality comprises several counties and a number of lesser cities.

Yunxiu Tower-Chang Kai Shek`s Office Residence
Not until 1935, after being divided into various types of independent military zones during the troubled early years of the Chinese Republic (1911¨C1930), was the province unified under the Nationalist government. During the Sino-Japanese War (1937¨C45), the province served as the seat (at Chongqing) of the Nationalist government; the Japanese never penetrated the area behind the barrier of the Three Gorges. The city of Chongqing was the center of Allied resistance to Japanese-German aggression in Asia. This war effort gave many Chinese their first introduction to Westerners.

The confluence of the Yangtze and Chia-ling rivers in Chongqing
The Yangtze River is the backbone of the system: steamboats of 1,000-ton capacity can negotiate its waters, and smaller steamers travel it and its tributaries throughout the year. Railways are important for the transport of bulky products. Roads are extremely difficult to build and maintain because of the terrain. There is a constant threat of landslides, and the presence of steep slopes and hairpin turns make road construction hazardous and costly. There is air service to many parts of the province.

Three Gorges
 
 
 
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As the Yangtze flows through eastern Sichuan and into western Hubei, it traverses, for a distance of 125 miles, the famous Three Gorges region before debouching onto the plains to the east. The gorges have steep, sheer slopes composed mainly of thick limestone rocks, rising from 1,300 to 2,000 feet above the river and presenting the appearance of fantastic towers, pillars, or spears. The first gorge¡ªabout 5 miles long¡ªis the shortest, but it is considered the most dangerous for navigation; the river there is very narrow and contains many rapids and eddies.


Daning River
 
 
 
The second gorge, which stretches for about 30 miles, is a narrow, steep corridor with almost vertical walls of heights up to 1,600 or even 2,000 feet above the river. The last gorge is located upstream of Yichang and extends for a distance of 21 miles; in places limestone cliffs rise directly out of the water to heights of hundreds of feet. The gorges are rocky, and the walls are speckled with cracks, niches, and indentations. The river's width, some 1,600 to 2,000 feet between the gorges, narrows to about 500 to 600 feet within them. The depth in the gorges, however, also increases to between 500 and 600 feet, giving the Yangtze the greatest depths of any river in the world.

Scene of Yangtze
Ink Painting
by Yang Biwei
The first poetic allusions to the Gorges date from the first century AD. These romantic outpourings fused heaven with earth - natural splendors were innervated with supernatural allusions. Afterwards, almost every poets will defeat their sage, Quyuan (who was a famous poet in the Warring States 475-221B.C.) and leave their Sung poetries as well as continue their literature career".
 

Dachang ancient town
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
In the third century, the tragic legend of Liu Bi Tuo Gu was played out in the Three Gorges. This story came to epitomize the ideal of loyalty and fidelity transcending personal gain - an ideal fixed in the national character ever since.

Along its route an endless, changing, geography of mountains, gorges, hills and plains unfolds -- scenes that have inspired countless literary works, poems, and songs. he Yangtze has inspired painters. Regions like the Three Gorges of the Yangtze have accumulated an artistic heritage unique in China and perhaps the world. From ancient times to the present, painters and poets have traveled to these regions and have been moved to create masterpieces of art. One of famous art work is called as Chang Jiang Wanli Tu(Picture of Yangtze Ten Thousands Miles) which title was painted by many famous artists from the ancient time to today. The famous one was painted by the famous artist, Zhang Daqian who moved to Brazil and than resided at Taiwan after 1949.

 
 


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